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Professor M. J. Enright
Professor M. J. Enright   Sun Hung Kai Professor of Business Administration, University of Hong Kong
Director, Asia-Pacific Competitiveness Program, Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy

A.B. (Chemistry), Harvard MBA, Harvard Ph.D. (Business Economics), Harvard

Tel: (852) 2859 1023
Fax: (852) 2858 5614
Email:
Bio

Called "one of the world's reigning strategy gurus" by the Academy of International Business, Michael Enright is a leading expert on competitiveness, regional economic development, and international business strategy. Enright joined the University of Hong Kong as Sun Hung Kai Professor of Business Administration in 1996 after six years as a professor at the Harvard Business School. He also directs the Asia-Pacific Competitiveness Program at the Hong Kong Institute of Economics and Business Strategy and was a Founding Director and current Advisory Board Member of The Competitiveness Institute (a global professional body with members in 40 nations).

As a researcher, Professor Enright has directed major reviews of the competitiveness of 20 different economies on five continents and has co-authored eight books or monographs on related topics. Enright's work on competitiveness and on the economies of Hong Kong and China has appeared in the Harvard Business Review, WorldLink, the Far Eastern Economic Review, Asian Business, Asia Inc, the South China Morning Post, and the Business Times, among others. It also has been featured in the Economist, the Financial Times, the Wall Street Journal, the Asian Wall Street Journal, the Washington Post, Newsweek, BusinessWeek, the South China Morning Post, the Straits Times, Business Times, and many others. Current research projects include multi-year studies of multinational strategies in the Asia-Pacific, China's international competitiveness, and regional development in Greater China.

As an advisor, Professor Enright has consulted to companies, governments, and multilateral organizations on business strategy, international competitiveness, and economic development and has appeared in more than 30 countries as an invited speaker and executive educator.

Professor Enright received his A.B. (with honors), his M.B.A. (with distinction), and his Ph.D. (in Business Economics, Dean's Doctoral Fellow) from Harvard University. He is a non-executive director of Shui On Construction and Materials, Shui On Land, and Johnson Electric.

Education
1991 - Ph.D., Harvard University, Business Economics (dissertation "Geographic Concentration and Industrial Organization"), Dean's Doctoral Fellow

1986 - M.B.A. (with distinction), Harvard University

1980 - A.B. (with honours), Harvard University, Chemistry
 
Academic Employment
1996 -
First Sun Hung Kai Professor of Business Administration, University of Hong Kong; teaching Strategic Management and International Competition; research on the competitiveness Asian economies, regional clustering of firms and industries, and economic development. Co-director of Asia-Pacific Competitiveness Program at the Hong Kong Institute for Economics and Business Strategy. A principal of the Asian Business Case Centre at the University of Hong Kong.

1990 - 1996
Assistant Professor of Business Administration, Harvard Business School, teaching Competition and Strategy and Managing International Trade and Competition in the MBA program, teaching Competition and Strategy in the Central and Eastern European Teachers' Program, teaching in the C&S Executive Education Program, research on international competitiveness, economic development, and regional clusters of firms and industries.

1986 - 1987
Associate Fellow, Harvard Business School, research manager for the Competitive Advantage of Nations Project.

 
Business Experience
1990 - Present
Advisor to governments, firms, and economic development organisations on six continents on issues of international competitiveness, economic development, and international strategy. Speaker for corporate, multilateral, and governmental audiences in 25 countries. Executive educator in business strategy, international business, international competitiveness, and economic development on five continents.

1980 - 1984
GTE Laboratories, Waltham, MA, Associate Member of Technical Staff, research on
plasma physics, basic science and applications. Several publications in the area of
plasma physics.

 
Memberships and Advisory Groups
Strategic Management Society, Academy of International Business, Academy of Management, member of board of advisors of The Competitiveness Institute (a global professional institute for academics, consultants, and economic development professionals), Economist Corporate Network Hong Kong Advisory Group
 
Publication List
Books and Monographs
  1. Michael J. Enright and Edith E. Scott, The Greater Pearl River Delta (Hong Kong: Invest Hong Kong, 2003, 2004).
  2. Michael J. Enright, Chang Ka-Mun, Edith E. Scott, and Zhu Wenhui, Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta: The Economic Interaction (Hong Kong: The 2022 Foundation, 2003).
  3. Michael J. Enright, Public-Private Partnerships for Economic Development and Competitiveness (Vienna: UNIDO, 2000).
  4. Michael J. Enright, Edith E. Scott, and Edward Leung, Hong Kong's Competitiveness: Beyond the Asian Crisis (Hong Kong: Hong Kong Trade Development Council, 1999).
  5. Michael J. Enright, Edith E. Scott, and David Dodwell, The Hong Kong Advantage (Hong Kong: Oxford University Press, 1997).
  6. Michael J. Enright, Antonio Frances, and Edith Scott Saavedra, Venezuela: The Challenge of Competitiveness (New York: St. Martin's Press, 1996). Published in Spanish as Venezuela: El reto de la competitividad (Caracas: Fondo Fintec/Ediciones IESA, 1994).
  7. Michael J. Enright and Rolf Weder, editors, Studies in Swiss Competitive Advantage (Bern: Peter Lang, 1995).
  8. Graham T. Crocombe, Michael J. Enright, and Michael E. Porter, Upgrading New Zealand's Competitive Advantage (Auckland: Oxford University Press, 1991).
  9. Silvio Borner, Michael E. Porter, Rolf Weder, and Michael J. Enright, Internationale Wettbewerbsvorteile: Ein Strategisches Konzept fur die Schweiz (Frankfurt: Campus/NZZ, 1991).
Papers and Book Chapters
  1. Michael J. Enright, "Regional Management Centers in the Asia-Pacific," Management International Review, Special Issue, 2005, 57-80.
  2. Michael J. Enright,,"The Roles of Regional Management Centers," Management International Review, Special Issue, 2005, 81-100.
  3. Joan E. Ricart, Michael J. Enright, Pankaj Ghemawat, Stuart L. Hart, and Tarun Khanna, "New frontiers in international strategy," Journal of International Business Studies, 35, 2004, 175-200.
  4. Brian H. Roberts and Michael J. Enright, "Industry Clusters in Australia: Recent Trends and Prospects," European Planning Studies, 12 (1), 2004, 99-121.
  5. Michael J. Enright and James Newton, "Tourism Destination Competitiveness: A Quantitative Approach," Tourism Management, 25, 2004, 777-788.
  6. Michael J. Enright, "Regional Clusters: What we know and what we should know," in Johannes Brocker, Dirk Dohse, and Rudiger Soltwedel, editors, Innovation Clusters and Interregional Competition (Berlin: Springer, 2003), 99-129.
  7. Michael J. Enright, "Responses to Globalization in East Asia and Latin America: Multinational Activities in the Asia-Pacific," LAEBA Proceedings (Washington, DC: The Interamerican Development Bank, 2003).
  8. Michael J. Enright, "Trends in Multinational Strategies and Organizations in the Asia-Pacific," in H. Haraguchi and K. Shimokawa, editors, Japanese Foreign Direct Investment and the East Asian Industrial System (Tokyo: Springer-Verlag, 2002), 41-68.
  9. Michael J. Enright and Brian Roberts, "Regional Clustering in Australia," Australian Journal of Management, 26, 2001, 65-85.
     
  10. Michael J. Enright and Ifor Ffowcs-Williams. "Local Partnerships, Clusters and SME Globalization," in Enhancing SME Competitiveness (Paris: OECD, 2001), 115-150.
     
  11. Michael J. Enright, "Regional Clusters and Multinational Enterprises: Independence, Dependence, or Interdependence?," International Studies of Management & Organization, 30 (2), 2000, 114-138.
     
  12. Michael J. Enright, "Globalization, Regionalization, and the Knowledge-Based Economy in Hong Kong," in John Dunning, editor, Globalization, Regions, and the Knowledge-Based Economy (Oxford: Oxford University Press, 2000), 381-406.
     
  13. Michael J. Enright, "The Globalization of Competition and the Localization of Competition: Policies Toward Regional Clustering," in Neil Hood and Stephen Young, editors, The Globalization of Multinational Enterprise Activity and Economic Development (London: Macmillan, 2000), 303-331.
     
  14. Michael J. Enright, "Hong Kong's Future Competitiveness", HKCER Letters, January 1999.
     
  15. Michael J. Enright, "Regional Clusters and Firm Strategy," in Alfred Chandler, Peter Hagstrom, and Orjan Solvell editors, The Dynamic Firm (Oxford : Oxford University Press, 1998), 315-342.
     
  16. Michael J. Enright, Edith E. Scott, and David Dodwell "The Hong Kong Advantage," Yale China Review, 5, (Spring 1997): 13-15.
     
  17. Michael J. Enright, "Regional Clusters and Economic Development: A Research Agenda," in Udo Staber, Norbert Schaefer, and Basu Sharma, editors, Business Networks: Prospects for Regional Development (New York: De Gruyter, 1996), 190-214.
     
  18. Michael J. Enright, "Organization and Coordination in Geographically Concentrated Industries," in Naomi Lamoreaux and Daniel Raff, editors, Coordination and Information: Historical Perspectives on the Organization of Enterprise (Chicago: Chicago University Press for the NBER, 1995), 103-142.
     
  19. Michael J. Enright, "The Geographic Scope of Competitive Advantage," in Elke Dirven, Joost Groenewegen, and Sjef van Hoof, editors, Stuck in the Region?: Changing Scales for Regional Identity (Utrecht: Netherlands Geographic Studies, 155, 1993): 87-102.
     
  20. Michael J. Enright, "Why Local Clusters Are the Way to Win the Game," WorldLink (July/August 1992): 24-25.
     
  21. Michael J. Enright, "Prosperity and Challenge in the Swiss Economy," in Die Schweiz von Innen und Aussen (Zurich: Scalo Verlag, 1991).
     
  22. Michael J. Enright, and Paolo Tenti, "La competitivita della ceramica italiana," Harvard Espansione, (September 1990): 28-41.
     
  23. Numerous working papers, list available upon request.
Selected Conference Papers
  1. "The Roles of Regional Management Centers," Academy of International Business global conference, 2004.
  2. with Venkata Subramanian "Mapping the elephant: An organizing framework for subsidiary typologies," Academy of International Business global conference, 2004.
  3. Enright, M.J. "Ideas Versus Reality: Core Competence at NEC and GTE," Academy of International Business global conference, 2003. "Strategy and International Business," Journal of International Business Studies Perspectives Conference, 2003.
  4. "The Determinants of the Strategic Roles of Regional Headquarters and Offices in the Asia-Pacific," Academy of International Business Global Conference, 2002.
  5. "Geographies and International Business: A Three-Dimensional Approach," Academy of International Business global conference, 2002.
  6. "Responses to Globalization in East Asia and Latin America: Multinational Activities in the Asia-Pacific", Strategic Management Society Conference, 2002.
  7. "Business Competition in China," Hong Kong Institute for Economics and Business Strategy Conference: China in the 21st Century, 2002.
  8. "Understanding China's Competitiveness," Wilton Park Conference (UK) WP693, 2002.
  9. "Configuring Multinational Operations in the Asia-Pacific," Strategic Management Society Conference, 2001.
  10. "The Determinants of Activity Locations for Manufacturing Multinationals in the Asia-Pacific," Academy of International Business global conference, 2001.
  11. "Regional Clusters: What we know and what we should know," Kiel Institute Conference on Innovation Clusters and Interregional Competition, 2001.
  12. "China and Her Neighbours: The Economic Interaction," prepared for Wilton Park Conference (UK) WP621, 2000.
  13. "China's Future Economic Roles in the Region," prepared for Wilton Park Conference (UK) WP621, 2000.
  14. With James Newton. "Change or Continuity? A Quantitative Approach to Assessing International Competitiveness," UK Academy of International Business, 2001.
  15. With James Newton. "Tourism Destination Competitiveness: A Quantitative Approach," Chinese University of Hong Kong-Cornell University Conference on Hospitality and Tourism, 2001.
 
Articles
  1. With Edith Scott, "How to create a global powerhouse," South China Morning Post, (February 17, 2003).
     
  2. With Edith Scott, "As the delta booms, Hong Kong must adapt," South China Morning Post, (January 26, 2003).
     
  3. With Edith Scott, "Why you shouldn't bet against the Pearl River Delta region," South China Morning Post, (December 12, 2002).
     
  4. With Edith Scott, "Why a bridge to Zhuhai and Macau would benefit all," South China Morning Post, (November 30, 2002).
     
  5. With Edith Scott, "Boom time on our doorstep," South China Morning Post, (November 25, 2002).
     
  6. "Enter the Dragon," Asia Inc, (September 2001).
     
  7. "From Hand to Head," Asia Inc, (October 2001).
     
  8. "Asia Wired," Asia Inc, (November 2001).
     
  9. "Reform, What Reform," Asia Inc, (February 2002).
     
  10. With Edith Scott "Regional Headquarters in the Asia-Pacific," Business Asia, (December 11, 2000).
     
  11. "Hong Kong's Regional Roles and Competitiveness" in Hong Kong Update, Center for Strategic and International Studies, Washington, D.C., (July 1998), pp.7-8.
     
  12. "Hong Kong: Down, but not out," The Business Times, (June 30, 1998): 14.
     
  13. "The Hong Kong Advantage: The Managerial Challenges," The Hong Kong Manager, (3rd Quarter, 1997): 8-12.
     
  14. "Are You Bullish on Hong Kong?," The Business Times, (June 30, 1997): 9.
     
  15. "Even more than before, it's worth betting on Hong Kong," Asian Business, (June-August 1997): 8-11.
     
  16. "Hong Kong will prosper," interview with Michael Enright, Newsweek, International edition, (April 21, 1997): 60.
     
  17. "Opposites Attract," Far Eastern Economic Review, (April 17, 1997): 34.
     
  18. "Building on Hong Kong's combinations for success," South China Morning Post, (April 7, 1997): Business Post, 8.
     
  19. With Edith Scott Saavedra "Beyond Economics: A Medium-Term Assessment of Venezuela's Prospects for Growth," Business Venezuela, (January 1996).
     
  20. With Edith Scott Saavedra "Steal This Message," Business Venezuela, (January 1995)
Teaching Cases and Notes
(HBS Case denotes available from Harvard Business School Publishing)
  1. "Antmobel (A)" HBS Case 9-795-100
     
  2. "Antmobel (B): Entering France" HBS Case 795-101
     
  3. "Armscor: Life After Apartheid?" HBS Case 786-186, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-796-043
     
  4. "Black Magic and the America's Cup: The Victory" HBS Case 796-187, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-796-175
     
  5. "Black Magic and the America's Cup: The Next Time" HBS Case 796-144, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-796-175
     
  6. "CANTV in 1994" HBS Case 795-096
     
  7. "The Catalan Leather Industry" HBS Case 795-105
     
  8. "CFM International, Inc." HBS Case 792-097, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-125
     
  9. "CFM International , Inc, Supplement" HBS Case 793-091, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-125
     
  10. "Finn Coop Pellervo" HBS Case 793-130, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-122
     
  11. "Flow Components: International Sourcing Strategy" HBS Case 796-041
     
  12. "Flow Components: Antidumping Suit" HBS Case 796-042
     
  13. "The Geography of Competition and Strategy" HBS Case 793-135, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-132
     
  14. "Hoechst and Biotechnology" HBS Case 795-026, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-796-172
     
  15. "Is Mr. Spock Human?" HBS Case 796-049
     
  16. "The Japanese Facsimile Industry in 1990" HBS Case 391-209, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-045
     
  17. "The MPAA and the GATT" HBS Case 795-135, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-795-110
     
  18. "Novo Industri" HBS Case 389-148, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-794-123
     
  19. "Schweizerische Maschinenfabrik, Zug" HBS Case 795-026, Teaching Note HBS Case 5-796-188
     
  20. "The Swiss Banking Industry" HBS Case 792-076
     
  21. "The Swiss Comfort Controls Industry" HBS Case 793-031
     
  22. "The Swiss Dyestuffs Industry" HBS Case 792-047
     
  23. "The Swiss Fire Detection Equipment Industry" HBS Case 793-030
     
  24. "The Swiss International Freight Forwarding Industry" HBS Case 792-048
     
  25. "The Swiss Pharmaceutical Industry" HBS Case 793-029
     
  26. "The Swiss Sugar Confectionery Industry" HBS Case 792-075
     
  27. "The Swiss Textile Machinery Industry" HBS Case 794-047
     
  28. "The Swiss Watch Industry" HBS Case 792-046
     
  29. "Switzerland in Perspective" HBS Case 794-048
     
  30. "The Yunost Coat Factory and U.S. Protectionism" HBS Case 796-118
(HKU Case denotes available from the Centre for Asian Case Studies at the School of Business, University of Hong Kong )
  1. "Acer in 2001: The Reorganization" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  2. "The Airline Industry and the World Trade Center Disaster" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  3. "Airport Privatization" HKU Case
     
  4. "Airport Privatization in Australia" HKU Case
     
  5. "The ASEAN Free Trade Agreement and Malaysia's National Car Project" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  6. "Australia's Investment 2000 Proposition" HKU Case
     
  7. "Business Competition in China: Beer, PCs, Steel, TV sets" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  8. "Buyer-Supplier Relationships" Case plus teaching note
     
  9. "China and its Neighbours" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  10. "Core Competence at NEC and GTE" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  11. "CSFB's China Unicom Incident" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  12. "Daewoo and the Korean Chaebol" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  13. "Financial Crises and Firm Performance" Case plus teaching note
     
  14. "Hong Kong as Asia's World City" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  15. "Hong Kong's Container Truckers: The Mid-stream Fee Dispute" Case plus teaching note
     
  16. "The Hong Kong Property Industry in 1997" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  17. "The Hong Kong Property Industry in 1999" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  18. "Hong Kong's Trading Industry: Challenges from Mainland China" Case plus teaching note
     
  19. "Indonesia: The Currency Board Plan" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  20. "Japanese Banking Crisis and Reform" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  21. "The Japanese Facsimile Industry in 1998" HKU Case
     
  22. "Kuehne and Nagel in the Asia-Pacific" HKU teaching note
     
  23. "Mainland China's Travel Liberalisation and Hong Kong's SMEs in late 2003" Case plus teaching note
     
  24. "The Peregrine Debacle" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  25. "Pudong New Area of Shanghai" HKU Case
     
  26. "Regional Development in the Chinese Mainland" Case plus teaching note
     
  27. "The Shanghai Property Market and Hong Kong Developers" Case plus teaching note
     
  28. "Singapore: Lion City in the Asian Crisis" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  29. "Singapore's Commission on Competitiveness" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  30. "The Sino-US WTO Agreement" HKU Case plus teaching note
     
  31. "Taiwan's APROC Program" HKU Case plus teaching note
 
Current Projects
  1. Institute for Economic Policy and Business Strategy: Co-director of the Program on Asia-Pacific Competitiveness for an Institute that has been awarded a HK$36 million seven-year grant. Presently carrying out studies of the competitiveness of China's economy, the competitiveness of several Hong Kong industries, and the competitiveness of the tourism industries of the Asia-Pacific.

     
  2. Regional Clustering, Firm Strategy, and Economic Development: Book in process on regional clustering geared toward the academic, policy making, and business audiences. This book will be based on my new and prior research in the field. Papers from this project have been presented at major conferences around the world, including the OECD Ministerial Conference in Bologna (2000). In addition, both the OECD and UNIDO have adopted suggestions from papers from this project as part of their official policies.

     
  3. Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta: Focuses on the past, present, and future interaction between Hong Kong and the Pearl River Delta region. Emphasis on the economic trajectories of the two areas, the potential for beneficial interaction, and the obstacles that much be overcome to identify and develop joint gains.

     
  4. Hong Kong's Competitiveness: Large-scale survey project on the competitiveness of the Hong Kong economy and its links to South China.

     
  5. Multinational Firms in Asia-Pacific: Explores the distribution of the activities of major overseas multinational firms among major Asia-Pacific centres and the nature of the location decision process. Well over a thousand multinational firms have provided data on the location of their activities, reporting relationships, and reasons for their location decisions.

     
  6. Business Cases in Asia-Pacific: Co-recipient of a HK$7 million grant (and two subsequent follow-up grants) to develop business cases set in the Asia-Pacific region. Presently supervising one case series on economic policy in the Asia-Pacific and a second on strategy in the Asian context.
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